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Reactions to Anesthesia

There are a variety of circumstances in which an individual may undergo a form of general anesthesia. Everything from dental procedures, to intense surgery can require an anesthesia in some form, whether it be gas or drugs. And although very few people experience reactions to it, there are some life threatening cases that can develop from exposure to certain kinds of anesthesia. Malignant Hyperthermia is one of them. This is a serious medical condition that can lead to the collapse of the circulatory system when not treated. This particular reaction often develops during, or after, and individual as undergone some form of general anesthesia.

Reactions to anesthesia are rare, but they do exist. There are individuals that have allergies to specific anesthetics, and some are in danger of having a life threatening reaction as a result of genetic makeup. If an individual begins showing signs of this medical condition, the hospital staff will recognize the symptoms and can counter the development with the use of another drug. The symptoms include sudden changes in oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body, as well as a escalating increase of body temperature, where a fever as high as 108 degrees Fahrenheit is possible. Other affects include cardiac and respiratory conditions, as change in muscle tissue.

It is important to know that not every type of anesthetic is capable of triggering this severe condition. Many forms of anesthesia, such as local anesthetics and muscle relaxants, have no risk of causing Malignant Hyperthermia. Often the affect is immediate, and easily identified by medical professionals, however some cases have been found by blood testing. Muscle cells located in the skeleton, where calcium is primarily stored, are directly affected. Now that the cure for this condition is well known, mortality rates have considerably dropped since it’s introduction into treatment. Being tested for muscle biopsy in relation to this condition can determine whether or not the development of Malignant Hyperthermia will occur.

This mutation due to being administered general anesthesia is rare, and because there are a variety of local anesthetics that have no risk of causing this reaction, cases are uncommon. If your procedure does not involve a chemical that is safe from this condition, your doctor will be able to determine your risk. Always consult your doctor if you have any fears, or reason to believe you may be at risk for Malignant Hyperthermia, they can explain it to you.

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